THERE IS AND THERE ARE

 

Kamu mungkin sudah tahu kalau pilihan antara is vs are bergantung pada sebuah noun (kata benda). Biasanya, noun muncul sebelum verb (kata kerja). Namun dalam kalimat yang dimulai dengan there is dan there are, noun nya muncul belakangan. Kita menggunakan there is dan there are untuk merujuk pada keberadaan seseorang atau sesuatu. Sederhananya berarti “ada.” Gunakan there is jika kata bendanya tunggal (“There is a cat”) dan gunakan there are jika kata benda jamak (“There are two cats”).

  1. There Is digunakan ketika kata bendanya tunggal

    Rumus:

    There is + singular noun + keterangan

    E.g:

    (+) There is a book on the table (ada sebuah buku di atas meja)

    (-) There is not a book on the table (tidak ada sebuah buku di atas meja)

    (?) Is there a book on the table? (apakah ada sebuah buku di atas meja?)

    Yes, there is

    No, there is not

    The other examples:

    There is a cat on the porch.

    There’s a letter on your desk. Julia brought it from the mail room.

    Note:

    There is and there’s keduanya merupakan bentuk tunggal. Kita menggunakan there’s lebih umum di informal speaking:

    There is a new cafe in the centre of town which sells Indonesian food.

    She’s very determined and there’s no chance she will change her mind.

    1. There Are digunakan ketika kata bendanya jamak

    Rumus:

    There are + plural noun + keterangan

    E.g:

    (+) There are a lot of people in this elevator (ada banyak orang di elevator)

    (-) There are not a lot of people in this elevator (tidak banyak orang di elevator)

    (?) Are there a lot of people in this elevator? (apakah ada banyak orang di elevator?)

    Yes, there are

    No, there are not

    The other examples:

    There are three Japanese students in my class.

    There are two new buildings next to the school. They are both science buildings.

    Untuk menanyakan “berapa banyak”, kita pakai pertanyaan dengan “how many”.

    Rumus:

    How many + noun + are there + keterangan

    E.g:

    How many teachers are there at Homie English Pekanbaru? (ada berapa banyak guru di Homie English Pekanbaru?

    Perlu diingat, dalam menggunakan kata benda jamak ada yang disebut irregular noun yang artinya kata bendanya jamak tapi tidak ditambahkan -s seperti pada umumnya, book-books, teacher-teachers, dll. Oleh karena itu sangat diwajibkan untuk menghafal beberapa kata benda yang masuk kategori irregular ini. Perhatikan tabel di bawah ini:

    Irregular Nouns

     knifeknivespisau
    Singular (-f, -fe)lifeliveskehidupan
    Plural (-ves)wifewivesistri
     calfcalvesanak sapi
     leafleavesdaun
    Exceptionsroofroofsatap
    (pengecualian)proofproofsbukti
     potatopotatoespisau
    Singular (-o)tomatotomatoeskehidupan
    Plural (-oes)heroheroesistri
     torpedotorpedoesanak sapi
     vetovetoesdaun
    Exceptionspianopianospiano
    (pengecualian)cantocantosnyanyian
     photophotosfoto
     zerozerosnol
     footfeetkaki
    Singular & Pluraltoothteethgigi
    (vowel change)goosegeeseangsa
     manmenpria
     womanwomenwanita
     mousemicetikus
    Irregular nouns diedicemati
    thatoxoxenlembu
    changechildchildrenanak-anak
    substantiallypersonpeopleorang-orang
     pennypence (in British)uang sen
     sheepsheepdomba
     fishfishikan
    Singular/ Pluralmoosemooserusa (amerika utara)
    (no change)swineswinebabi
     buffalobuffalokerbau
     shrimpshrimpudang
     trouttroutikan forel
     focusfoci (also focuses)fokus
     radiusradii (also radiuses)radius
     fungusfungijamur
    Nouns ending in-us,nucleusnucleiinti
    change -us to -icactuscactikaktus
     alumnusalumni*lulusan
     octopusoctopuses (or octopi)gurita
     hippopotamushippopotami (or hippopotamuses)kuda nil
    Irregular formationaxisaxes (this is also the plural of ax and axe)sumbu
    of nouns ending in analysisanalysesanalisis
    -is to -escrisiscriseskrisis
     thesisthesestesis
    Irregular formationphenomenonphenomenafenomena

    of nouns ending in

    -on to -a.

    criterioncriteriakriteria
     datumdatadata
    Irregular formation memorandummemorandanota
    of nouns endingbacteriumbacteriabakteri
    in -umstratumstratalapisan
     curriculumcurricula (also curriculums)kurikulum
    Singular (-ex, -ix)indexindices (or indexes)indeks
    Plural (-ces, -xes)appendixappendices (or appendixes, in a medical context)lampiran
     vortexvortices (or vortexes)pusaran

Quiz:

Results

#1. There ____ two books

#2. There ____ one car

#3. There ____ three rooms

#4. There ____ a man

#5. There ____ children

finish

Download: There is and There Are (14 downloads)

References:

https://www.grammarly.com/blog/there-is-there-are/#:~:text=Use%20there%20is%20when%20the,There%20are%20two%20cats%E2%80%9D

https://dictionary.cambridge.org/grammar/british-grammar/there-is-there-s-and-there-are

https://www.grammarly.com/blog/irregular-plural-nouns/

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