Dalam Bahasa Indonesia, conditional sentence juga bisa disebut sebagai kalimat pengandaian.
Sesuai dengan namanya, kalimat ini belum terjadi atau belum terlaksana karena masih berandai-andai saja. Namun, perlu kamu ketahui bahwa conditional sentence ternyata memiliki beberapa tipe yang kondisinya ternyata berbeda-beda, yaitu tipe 0, 1, 2 dan 3.
Tense: Present tense in both clauses
Present tense ~ present tense
If you heat water to 100°C, it boils.
If you pour oil into water, it floats
If you heat ice, it turns to water
If I see a spider, I get very scared!
Future tense, Present Tense
Present tense, Future Tense
If I feel sick tomorrow, I will not go to school.
If it rains, the match will be cancelled.
If the weather is as sunny tomorrow as it was today, we will go surfing.
If you forget my birthday, I’ll never speak to you again.
would + an infinitive(V1), Past Tense
Past tense, would + an infinitive(V1)
If he were a bird, he would fly across the harbour.
If I had $200,000 now, I would buy a car.
If I had any money I would lend it to you.
If I were you I wouldn’t do this.
Were is often used instead of was in the 1st (I) and 3rd person (He, She, It) singular
Would Have + Past Participle, Past Perfect Tense
Past perfect, Would Have + Past Participle
If I had had enough money, I would have bought the camera yesterday.
If I had come home earlier, I would not have missed the programme.
If they’d gone by bus, they would have arrived much later.
(Nyatanya mereka pergi tidak dengan bus)
He would have travelled around the world if he had had more money.
(Nyatanya dia gak mempunyai uang yang lebih)
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