Apa itu Phrasal Verb?

 

            Phrasal verb adalah gabungan dari kata kerja biasa (Normal verb) dengan kata keterangan (adverb) atau kata depan (preposition) yang membentuk phrasal verb dan mempunyai arti yang baru. Sebagai contoh get up yang berarti bangun memiliki arti yang berbeda dengan get dan up. Karena itu phrasal verb bisa saja membuat kita bingung karena definisinya yang tidak selalu mudah ditebak. Karena phrasal verb tidak hanya digunakan di dalam tes TOEFL tapi juga percakapan bahasa inggris, jadi ada baiknya nih homies kita mengetahui contoh – contoh dari phrasal verb.

 

Contoh dari Phrasal Verb

Phrasal Verb

Definition

Sentence

Ask out

Invite on a date

He is too shy to ask her out

Ask around

ask many people the same

question

I asked around but nobody

has seen my wallet.

add up to

To make total amount of something

Your purchases add up to

$205.32

Back up

To support somebody/something

– I will back you up if they don’t believe you.

– the writer doesn’t back up his opinions with examples.

blow up

explode

 

The racing car blew up after it

crashed into the fence.

Break down

Stop working especially in reference to machines.

Our car broke down at the

side of the highway in the

snowstorm.

break in

To enter a building by force

Somebody broke in last night

and stole our stereo.

Break up

end a relationship

My boyfriend and I broke up

before I moved to America.

bring someone down

 

To make someone unhappy

This sad music is bringing me

down.

Call around

To contact multiple people

We called around but we

weren’t able to find the car part

we needed.

call someone back

 

return a phone call

 

I called the company back but

the offices were closed for the

weekend.

call something off

 

To cancel a planned event

Jason called the wedding off

because he wasn’t in love with

his fiance.

call on someone

 

visit someone

 

We called on you last night

but you weren’t home.

calm down

 

relax after being angry

 

You are still mad. You need to

calm down before you drive

the car.

check out

 

leave a hotel

 

You have to check out of the

hotel before 11:00 AM.

check someone/something out

 

look at carefully, investigate

 

The company checks out all

new employees

 

cheer up

 

become happier

 

She cheered up when she

heard the good news.

cheer someone up

 

To make someone happy, especially if they were previously sad.

I brought you some flowers to

cheer you up.

clean something up

 

tidy, clean

 

Please clean up your bedroom

before you go outside.

come across something

find unexpectedly

 

I came across these old photos

when I was tidying the closet

come apart

To break into pieces

The book just come apart in my hand

come between

To interfere with a relationship between two people

After more than fifty years of partnership, nothing could come between them.

dress up

 

wear nice clothing

 

It’s a fancy restaurant so we

have to dress

 

drop back

 

move back in a position/group

 

Andrea dropped back to third

place when she fell off her

bike.

drop out

 

quit a class, school, etc

 

I dropped out of Science

because it was too difficult.

eat out

 

eat at a restaurant

 

I don’t feel like cooking

tonight. Let’s eat out.

end up

 

eventually reach/do/decide

 

We ended up renting a movie

instead of going to the theatre.

fall apart

 

break into pieces

 

My new dress fell apart in the

washing machine.

fall down

 

fall to the ground

 

The picture that you hung up

last night fell down this

morning.

fall out

 

separate from an interior

 

The money must have fallen

out of my pocket.

figure something out

 

understand, find the answer

 

I need to figure out how to fit

the piano and the bookshelf in

this room.

find out

 

discover

 

We don’t know where he lives.

How can we find out?

get along/on

 

like each other

 

I was surprised how well my

new girlfriend and my sister

got along/on.

get away

 

go on a vacation

 

We worked so hard this year

that we had to get away for a

week.

get back

 

return

 

We got back from our

vacation last week.

get together

 

meet (usually for social

reasons)

 

Let’s get together for a BBQ

this weekend.

get up

 

get out of bed

 

I got up early today to study

for my exam.

give in

 

reluctantly stop fighting or

arguing

 

My boyfriend didn’t want to go

to the ballet, but he finally

gave in.

give up

 

stop trying

 

My maths homework was too

difficult so I gave up.

go after someone

 

follow someone

 

My brother tried to go after

the thief in his car.

go ahead

 

start, proceed

 

Please go ahead and eat before

the food gets cold.

go back

return to a place

 

I have to go back home and

get my lunch.

hand something down

give something used to

someone else

I handed my old comic books

down to my little cousin.

hang in

stay positive (N.Amer.,

informal)

Hang in there. I’m sure you’ll

find a job very soon.

hang on

 

wait a short time (informal)

 

Hang on while I grab my coat

and shoes!

hang up

 

end a phone call

 

He didn’t say goodbye before

he hung up.

hold on

 

wait a short time

 

Please hold on while I transfer

you to the Sales Department.

keep something up

 

continue at the same rate

 

If you keep those results up

you will get into a great

college.

let someone down

 

fail to support or help,

disappoint

I need you to be on time. Don’t

let me down this time.

let someone in

 

allow to enter

 

Can you let the cat in before

you go to school?

look after someone/something

take care of

 

I have to look after my sick

grandmother.

look down on someone

 

think less of, consider inferior

 

Ever since we stole that

chocolate bar your dad has

looked down on me.

look forward to something

 

be excited about the future

 

I’m looking forward to the

Lebaran break.

 

 

Quiz:

Results

#1. Stop trying

#2. End a phone call

#3. Be excited about the future

#4. Break into pieces

#5. Like each other

#6. Meet (usually for social reasons)

#7. Invite on a date

#8. Stop working especially in reference to machine

#9. Allow to enter

#10. Become happier

finish

Download:

Common Phrasal Verbs for TOEFL (23 downloads)

References:

– http://www.eflnet.com/pverbs/phrasal_verb_verb.php

– http://www.churchillhouse.com/english/exercises/phrasals/

Phrasal Verbs Defined & Most Common Phrasal Verbs | Grammarly Blog

Leave a Comment